|History of the British Dog
It is estimated that the dog Canis Familiaris was first domesticated
in 10,000BC. The Oldest European dog remains from Star Carr Yorkshire
are dated at c 7538 BC.
These records and the history of the domestic dog in Britain are well
chronicled in an excellent book " The British Dog - Its History
from Ealiest Times by Dr Cameron i.A. Ritchie published by Robert
Hale Lte, London in 1981.
Ritchie in " a Short Chonology of the British Dog" lgives
a very comprehensive listing of the references to dogs in British
literature and history including:
Click image to enlarge
| 63-21 BC Strabo mentions the export of Hunting
dogs from Britain
c50 AD The sons of Uisnech flee from Ulster to Scotland taking
150 hounds with them
c80-120 AD Occupation of Corbridge Roman Station in Northumberland
by a garrison whose dogs have been identified as 'bassets' and 'small
161-180 AD Oppian describes a British dog called the agassaeus
- probably a terrier
727 or 730 AD The death of St Hubert, Bishop of Liege
with the development of the hounds bearing his name , the Black St
Hubert ( possible ancestor of the Bloodhound) and the White St Hubert
( supposed ancestor of the Southern Hound).
c800 AD Pictess huntress with hounds portrayed coursing deer
on the Hilton of Cadboll Slab, Scotland
c1016 First Forest Laws imposed by Canute
of greyhounds forbidden to anyone under the status of freeman.
c1070 Bayern Tapestry depicts only two breeds of dogs one which
may be a mastiff
1301 Archbishop Winchesley allows the Abbot of Gloucester to
keep twelve hunting dogs.
1335 Edward III imports Irish hounds.
1340-1400 Geoffrey Chaucer makes first reference to apaniels
in The Wife of Bath's Prologue.
1371 Traditional date for combat between Aubrey de Montdidier's
Irish hound and its master's murderer , Macaire.
1486 Dame Julian Berners describes the ideal greyhound as follows
in her Book of St Albans; 'Headed like a snake, necked like a drake,
footed like a cat, tailed life a rat, sided like a bream, chined like
1570 Dr John Caius publishes a book about British dogs.
1576 Abraham Fleming describes the use of terriers for hunting
fox and badger.
1621 Gervase Markham gives a description of the setting spaniel
in The Art of Fowling. He also describes the water dog.
1653 Dorothy Osborne writes to Sir William Temple to ask for
an Irish hound.
1730 Sir Robert Walpole tries unsuccessfully to establish the
post of Master of the Royal Foxhounds.
1732 The Newfoundland dog under the name of 'the Bear Dog'
is described as being in use in England as a guard-dog and for turning
c1770 Oliver Goldsmith , Irish author of Animated Nature ,
says that Irish hounds are rare and the largest he has seen is 'about
four feet high'.
1780 Ashdown Park Coursing Society begun.
1782 Huo Meynell forms his pack at Quorndon from Arundel hounds
1787 Foxhounds pedigrees begin.
1790 One of the eight remaining Irish hounds is measured by
A.R.Lambert who records it to be 36inches from hind toes to hind shoulders
and 28!/2 inches from two to foreshoulder.
1796 Dog population estimated at 1 million.
1800 Edwards depicts the rough and smooth coated collie.
1800-1877 Edwarde Laverack , the developer of the English Setters
1803 Willam Taplin declares the Irish Hound probably extinct.
1815 Guy Mannering is published by Sir Walter Scott , in which
Danie Dinmont Terriers are described
1815 The Reverend John ( 'Jack') Russell begins breeding terriers.
1820 The Bedlington terrier supposedly introduced from Holland
bu a weaver of Longhorsley.
1827 Death of the Duke of Gordon , originator of the Gordon
1836 The Waterloo Cup Meet begins at Sefton Altcar, near Liverpool.
Silver collars are awrded to the winners till 1830 when a cup is instituted.
1843 Skye Terrier first mentioned
1847 A description of the 'English terrier' suggests that it
is a Manchester terrier.
1850-1891 Captain John Edwarde develops the Sealyham on his
estate at Sealyham in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire.
1858 National Coursing Club formed.
1859 First dog show , at Newcastle.
c1860 The Hin. Dudley Marjoribanks ( later Lord Tweedmouth)
starts golden retrievers from a yellow retriever, one yellow pup in
a litter of black wavy-coated pups that he has bought from a Brighton
1862 Captain G.A.Graham attempts to revive the great Irish
hound, using deerhound blood.
1870 A Mr W.C of Halifax, Nova Scotia mentions the report that
the Beothuk Indians had ' a dog , but that it was a small breed
Labrador dog is my opinion a distinct breed
they were only to be met with on that part of the coast of Labrador
which to us is known as the South Shore of the mainland in the Straits
of Belle Isle.
1873 Kennel Club set up.
1877 Foxhound Show at Peterborough founded.
1882 Greyhound Stid Book.
1886 First Crufts Show . Terriers only.